5 Tips for Getting Students Excited About Learning

pexels-photo-203237Many teachers enter the field of education with great ideas about transforming the student body, with thoughtful curriculums and detailed lesson plans on which they’ve worked very hard, only to find that some of their pupils don’t respond. Engagement and a desire to learn is key to teaching anything, but morale is not always there. Here are a few tips for bringing your classroom to life, at any grade-level, that will encourage your students to be involved in the process, rather than just listening to lectures.

  1. Make It Relevant
    You may have seen stories in the news like the school in London which banned the use of slang in the classroom. While I think teachers have the right to decide what can and cannot be said in the classroom, I also believe there is a way to use what students like to make a point of your own. Children want to know how what they’re learning is important to their daily lives, and they also want to know you understand where they’re coming from. It builds a relationship of trust and comfort rather than distance. Certainly there is a time and place for everything, so your students should still be wary of the differences between the streets and the classroom, but not everything that’s “hip” is bad, albeit different.
  2. Set Goals
    Additionally, give students something to work toward. At the beginning of each lesson, set clear objectives for what you want to teach them, and steps for how you plan to get there. Post these steps somewhere that it can be seen by everyone in the room, and track progress accordingly, so the kids can visualize their progress as something tangible and attainable.
  3. Reward Success
    If you want to take that concept to the next level, set up a reward system to further encourage students to reach those milestones. This doesn’t have to be extravagant or costly each time; you can save the pizza parties or special outings for major events, to make the distinction. Yet the rewards can be as simple as bonus test points or some other method of recognition to get the kids in the habit of associating achievement with good things.
  4. Share Some Autonomy
    Make teaching a little democratic. You can be in charge and still create opportunities for your students to choose which book to read, or the type of test they prefer, etc. It’s no secret that people are more likely to engage in something of their own choosing. Besides, it puts them in the mindset of making decisions for themselves, a great transferrable skill to have and develop.
  5. Encourage Friendly Competition
    Science is clear, humans are competitive by nature. Use that to you advantage in the classroom. Create teams (be sure to mix it up based on ability, so that one team does not have an advantage over the other, and to encourage team building) and allow students to compete with certain projects or progress for lessons. This may be better for higher grade levels; use your judgment before implementing this with younger children.

A Call To Uplift Students, Not Tear Them Down

pexels-photo-191100Last month I discussed a few newsworthy changes in the city of Baltimore, where certain schools have started implementing meditation in lieu of detention. This approach is is inspiring and certainly something from which we (those charged with caring for and educating students) can learn. Yet apparently such inspiration has not made its way around the entire city.

This past week a video surfaced of a teacher at a Baltimore Middle School, Harlem Park, berating children, who had apparently not heeded her instruction and were unresponsive to her directives about doing work. The video begins with the woman, who has now been let go by the school, removing a disruptive student from the classroom. By the end of the short clip, the teacher is calling all of the children stupid and telling them they’re the N-words bound to get shot. The teacher was white.

But her race alone is not the most alarming part. Her tone and the way she chose to address these students is most upsetting. To be clear, having worked in education, I understand that students can get rowdy, that some days are not as great as others, and that on those days, some students just won’t listen. That is not ideal but it comes with the territory, and educators should be prepared for dealing with it, especially if their goal is teach in a school or district where the population is historically underserved and impoverished.

Those children, as disrespectful as they are and as nerve racking as they can be, are just that, children. Many are disaffected by the education system because they deal with a world of hell outside of the school’s walls, which may include gun violence, drug abuse, hunger, incarcerated parents, bullying, and yes, racism. As I’ve discussed previously, these experiences can be traumatic, making learning (as well as teaching) difficult.

In turn, these children need the opposite. They need attention and teachers who care, who are willing to give the hard love that may turn them around, and who are able discipline without using profanity and demeaning language. Perhaps meditation is not a possibility for every school or classroom, but compassionate teachers should be.

And maybe this is an example of teachers needing to meditate themselves, or find some other way to care for themselves, to destress and decompress, and this should be encouraged by the schools. The job of being an educator is not easy in anyway, and being responsible for young adult lives, even when it seems like you’re the only one, is draining. Yet many of us have entered the profession, knowing the risks and still rising to the challenge with the hope of changing at least one life. If not that, then what is the purpose?

4 Reasons Why There is a Teacher Shortage in America

red-school-blur-factory-largeOnce a highly coveted position and lifetime career opportunity, for the current crop of new graduates and those with even a little experience, teaching is much less attractive than in years past. Around the country, states, from Indiana to Oklahoma, Hawaii and Arizona, have a high rate of teaching vacancies: more than a 1,000 for multiple states. Subsequently, some experts have deemed the shortage a crisis-level situation.

In response, many states have kicked recruiting efforts into high gear. Some are using tax breaks, loan forgiveness and sign on bonuses to draw more would-be educators into the field. Some of it has been effective but the problem remains, and to fully understand the lack of interest one must consider the reasons behind the “crisis.”

 

  1. Standardized Testing Standards
    A decline in proficiency in basic subjects like reading and math has led to major reform in various districts and states and, infamously, the federal government. The now heavily criticized No Child Left Behind act increased the role of standardized testing in schools and changed the culture of school as well. Many teachers, instead of being afforded the creative freedom to develop personal curriculums and lesson plans, were expected to adhere to lessons related only to testing. Worse, many teachers were and are graded according to the performance of students on such tests.This highly problematic comparison has undoubtedly played a role in the disinterest of existing teachers, and has likely prevented prospective teachers from pursuing the career.

  2. Reduced Union Rights
    With such changes, bargaining rights have also been jeopardized. Teachers’ unions typically negotiate on behalf of teachers for fair evaluation practices, in class responsibilities and academic freedom. Yet with such strict mandates, it has become more difficult for unions to leverage the interest of those represented. Indeed there are entire campaigns launched against teachers’ unions and more than a few instances of denunciation in the press. Weaker unions hurt teachers.

  3. Meager Salaries
    The national average for teachers’ salaries is just $36,141, which is quite low in comparison to the nature of the job, its importance to society and the often grueling hours. Yet in Arizona, where the number of teachers has consistently dwindled over the last five years, that number is even lower at just $31,874. Teachers with experience and the means to do so have left the state entirely, taking jobs in nearby places like Texas and California, where pay is better but still paltry. Still, for departments hoping to attract a new crop of educators with such salaries, doing so is understandably difficult.

  4. Inadequate Budgets
    Additionally, multiple districts lack the budgets necessary to create quality work environments for teachers, let alone great learning environments for students. One of the most damning examples of this problem played out on Twitter earlier this year, with educators from Detroit Public Schools revealing on the social media platform the appalling conditions of their classrooms and work areas. A more widespread issue is the reality of teachers who purchase their own school supplies, since those needed are not provided by the schools themselves. Such a struggle is discouraging, even for those who love what they do and are passionate about teaching.

Calling this problem a crisis is not hyperbole, rather it is real life and the foresight of administrators, parents and government leaders, who realize that without teachers, the future of our country is in danger. Poor education leads to an unprepared and unskilled population, which is not good for society nor our economy. Fixing these issues, listening to complaints and taking teachers’ feedback seriously must be the top priority for those responsible for their recruiting and retention. Otherwise nothing will change.

How Racism and Violence Around The World Is Hurting Our Kids

[photographer unknown]

[photographer unknown]

Just this year, 551 people in the United States have been killed by police (that number may grow by the time this is published). Most of them remain unknown in the public consciousness while others have made headlines as a result of growing distrust between people in black communities and law enforcement, lead by the Black Lives Matter movement. The latter have sparked protests around the country and strong opinions on social media, with people calling for change to a system which disproportionately affects black and brown people, though people of all races have been subject to fatal force in the face of the law–not just this year, but for decades.

As tensions have bubbled over, some have taken it into their own hands to rectify the situation, and just a month ago, we witnessed an attack on police in Dallas, where a black army veteran took down 5 cops and injured 7 others in the midst of a peaceful protest. The rebuke was swift from the public and our government, with President Obama and the protesters themselves (one of which was injured during the shooting) condemning the actions which many felt would only lead to more violence, mistrust and animosity; because, in the words of the late Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr: “hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” In the end, the perpetrator was killed after failing to negotiate with police, and justice was served.

Yet, just this week, a year old case from Baltimore reawakened feelings of bias and injustice, when charges were dropped against all of the remaining officers involved in an incident that left a young man (then 25 years old) dead after being arrested for making eye contact with police then running. Once again, people are angry. This anger is a natural response to the trauma and fear felt by people who’ve endured centuries of mistreatment and violence. It can be debilitating as much as it is infuriating, and while we look to empathize with those in the streets, shutting down highways, and in the political arena, we often forget the effect these actions and our own reactions have on our children.

According to the National Child Traumatic Stress Network, trauma affects learning in children from preschool age to high school. The organization defines traumatic event as: “a sudden and unexpected occurrence that causes intense fear and may involve a threat of physical harm or actual physical harm.” Though responses vary, symptoms from depression to physical illness occur, and therefore impede the normal process of education and school learning.

This trauma is not limited to the children directly affected by these events, such as Tamir Rice’s sister who saw her brother shot dead in the park while playing, or the children who lamented the death of Philando Castile who worked at a school in Minnesota, after he was shot. Those children obviously have a more personal connection to these issues that we have to assuage, but there are others, bystanders, watching the news or seeing videos of a young girl body slammed in a classroom, or a child pinned to the ground following an argument at a pool party in McKinney, Texas. These children live in a world where children and barely grown figures like Trayvon Martin and Michael Brown are household names. Their feelings about this and their mental wellbeing cannot be overlooked.

And these are just the tip of the iceberg threatening to completely shatter their safety and peace of mind. Terrorist attacks from Paris to Istanbul, from Brussels to Orlando, have all made headlines. People are in mourning everywhere as we try hard to deal with personal concerns and matters in our backyard. While we work toward bettering our world as much as we possibly can, let’s take a moment to ensure that our children understand what’s happening, that they’re ok, that we’re assisting them with the resources necessary to deal with the issues they may be feeling. Our future depends on it.

5 Ways For Parents Of Young Students To Prevent “Summer Slide” & Prepare For Success

Leo Pollard's image of a water slideSummer slide is a term used by researchers to discuss the decline in knowledge from the previous school year, and the subsequent lack of readiness for the upcoming year, due to relative academic inactivity during summer vacation months. This issue has been known for some time, but a recent article published in The Conversation, written by the parent-academic duo, Keffrelyn and Anthony Brown, approached the issue from a very unique and equally important angle: discussing the impact of race (and income) on the summer slide, and the unrecognized burden of black parents to combat it.

 

Inspired by that article, I chose to provide some tips for parents to combat this issue. Understandably, this goes against the traditional view of summer in which children and parents receive a break from the responsibilities of the school year. Breaks are important, of course. By no means am I saying that your children should not be allowed to sleep a little longer, be involved with camping activities nor enjoy the pleasantries of a true vacation. However, balance is just as important. And due to the realities of a widening achievement gap for our students, we should seize every opportunity to prevent falling behind, or advancing even, where possible.

1. Fill In The Gaps: 

Having kept up with your child’s progress throughout the year, you should have a good understanding of their strengths and weaknesses. If not, speak with their teacher to see if there are areas your child struggled with while in class. Struggling doesn’t necessarily mean something your child is failing, rather it applies anything that your child hasn’t fully grasped or still finds challenging. Use the summer as opportunity to further explain, with more careful attention and possibly less distractions than a classroom setting provides. Some children benefit from a little more time on certain subjects. Pick a few hours during the day to work on these skills, preferably in the morning while they’re alert and energetic enough to process learning. After that, they can commence their summer plans.

2.  Create A Reading List

This is something that should take place whether or not your child is struggling with literacy. Reading builds vocabulary, increases comprehension and critical thought, and is a great way to keep your child’s imagination active. With your child, select age appropriate books in which they find interest, and create a schedule/plan for them to complete the list by summer’s end. This can be accomplished by deciding a set number of pages to be read each day. If your child goes over that number, it’s fine, but it’s always good to have a goal in mind.

3. Start Journaling
To strengthen writing skills and use of the language learned in reading, encourage your child to journal. One such way is to have them journal about what they learned in a given day or during the week, as a personal record and benchmark for what you’ve accomplished. Another idea is to encourage free, creative writing and/or poetry as a way of building expression. In fact, there’s no reason why both can’t exist together.

4. Educational Games
If you play games as a family, choose ones with an element of education, or be sure to highlight the lesson in such games. For young children, games like Uno or Goldfish can strengthen matching and color skills. For older children, games like Monopoly are great for exercising simple math, and the 24 Challenge card game is great for multiplication. There are a number of others available in stores and online, with a little bit of research. What’s great about this, however, is that you can make learning fun, as it should be.

5. Family Field Trips
Last but not least. Consider family field trips to farms, the zoo, new cities, and museums. The amount of opportunities to learn and experience new things at these locations are plentiful. Take the time to create a list of takeaways you believe would be helpful for your child’s development, and encourage them to approach these trips from a vantage point of curiosity and analysis.

This will require a little more time and planning than usual, but our little ones are worth it. As teachers, we will do all we can to get children back into the groove following vacation. Yet, if we together as a team (parents, children and teachers), we can ensure our children are prepared for all situations and ready to take the bright future ahead of them.

The Value of Black Male Teachers

african-business-668397_960_720To be clear, not every black child comes from a broken home, nor readily associate with the deadbeat dad trope that is so often laid upon African Americans. Various studies and a number of publications have dismantled that theory, showing that, in comparison, black fathers are more involved in their children’s lives than other ethnicities. Still, it’s important to acknowledge that, despite those stats, single parent homes do exist, and it is often the responsibility of the mother to raise the child. That doesn’t mean said child is any less loved or will be less successful (our current president, Barack Obama, has done pretty well for himself), but there is a level of importance in children being exposed to positive male role models in daily life.

Men Teach is a nonprofit dedicated to providing content and resources for men in the classroom. In one of its blogs, a teacher discussed the dynamics of a male educational figure with his students, under the aforementioned circumstances–dual parent and single parent households. He postulates that for both boys and girls, a male teacher can be the role model and base of support necessary to bridge the gap for broken homes, and create more comfortable learning environments by exhibiting qualities of the father that other children have at home.

As a teacher, I have a keen understanding of this concept and do my best to be there for my students to assist them with problems in school, and to encourage them to make the right decisions and succeed, upon leaving. However, I am one of few, in terms of the demographic breakdown of educators around the country. Despite initiatives to change it, the population of American teachers remains overwhelmingly female and white. In fact, less than a decade ago, just 23 percent of males with a degree in education were actively teaching. Subsequently, the number of black males in the classroom is just under 7.5 percent compared to almost 2 percent  of those in the front, teaching.

To understand the importance of this representation, a recent Harvard University study shows measurable improvement in academic achievement, not just a father figure, for students of color who learn from teachers of color. Furthermore,  Gloria Ladson-Billings, speaking in Education Week’s blog for teachers, suggested that yes, it’s important for even white students to have black teachers, because it provides a foundation for instruction to be received from black people, and dismantles a racially exclusive view of hierarchy.

The challenge for schools around the country has not so much been the recruiting, but keeping these men who will have an impact on and likely enhance students’ lives. Travis Bristol stated that, to turn the tide, “…districts must ensure that black male teachers are not concentrated in the worst-performing schools…[and] think of more expansive roles for [them] to serve besides policing the hallways and the front of the building…” I completely agree. It’s time for the country to use its understanding of representation to highlight the value of black men in the classroom, starting now.

The Case for Unionization in Charter Schools

Teachers_meeting_2048x1536Teaching is, perhaps, the most integral role and existing profession in a functioning society. Without education and the efforts of educators who work tirelessly to lay foundations in math and science for our doctors, challenge our lawyers with critical thought, language and social studies, as well as inspire and groom our artists, there is no hope; we do not become greater, stronger, and more powerful as a whole. That is why teachers are highly regarded in local communities around the world, and why, even today, there are a number of campaigns within and programs within the United States, dedicated to attracting individuals which will lead the way for the future.

However, despite acknowledgement of their vast importance, educators around the country face challenges which threaten to further weaken the fabric of our education system. I’ve spoken previously about the effects of charter schools on students in the most vulnerable parts of our society. How, due to strict no tolerance policies and bias, children of color are treated more harshly and those with disabilities are altogether excluded from schools which promise to be the answer for an academic infrastructure in decline. However, the problems don’t begin with the treatment of students; the problem is a result of the idea that school is a business rather than an institution created to develop and educate children.

Charter schools around the country are run by for-profit management companies. Often times, their approach to public education is rooted in a office-594132_960_720desire to attract investments rather than investing in children. As a result, these organizations compete for educators and students to create storybook schools which focus on standardized testing as a measure of success. Subsequently, it is not uncommon for teachers to be expected to work demanding hours for the sake of meeting these requirements. Moreover, many do so without comparable pay, receiving considerably smaller salaries than teachers in traditional public schools. This environment has been created by the anti-collective bargaining stance perpetuated by most charters, which are also subject fewer government rules and regulations.

startup-photos-largeThis lack of and overall fight against unionization undermines the value of educators. Furthermore, it is creates a system of absolute power without adequate legal representation for teachers treated unfairly. Some have argued that unions, in fact, give teachers too much power and are a threat to carrying out education reform in failing schools. However, I would argue, that is not the fault of nor the impetus behind unions. Failing schools exist for a number of reasons, namely: lack of adequate leadership, disproportionate resources, lackluster curriculums, and failure by greater powers to address systemic problems of the communities in which the school exists. Teachers, with proper skills and passion for teaching, remain on the frontlines of those fighting to not only fix these issues, but to ensure that students receive the education they deserve. In doing so, they have the right to be heard, appreciated, and compensated for the invaluable work they carry out daily, yearly and, often, for a lifetime.